In this project, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following competencies:
- Apply statistical techniques to address research problems
- Perform regression analysis to address an authentic problem
The purpose of this project is to have you complete all of the steps of a real-world linear regression research project starting with developing a research question, then completing a comprehensive statistical analysis, and ending with summarizing your research conclusions.
You have been hired by the D. M. Pan National Real Estate Company to develop a model to predict housing prices for homes sold in 2019. The CEO of D. M. Pan wants to use this information to help their real estate agents better determine the use of square footage as a benchmark for listing prices on homes. Your task is to provide a report predicting the housing prices based square footage. To complete this task, use the provided real estate data set for all U.S. home sales as well as national descriptive statistics and graphs provided.
Using the Project One Template located in the What to Submit section, generate a report including your tables and graphs to determine if the square footage of a house is a good indicator for what the listing price should be. Reference the National Statistics and Graphs document for national comparisons and the Real Estate Data Spreadsheet spreadsheet (both found in the Supporting Materials section) for your statistical analysis.
Note: Present your data in a clearly labeled table and using clearly labeled graphs.
Specifically, include the following in your report:
- Describe the report: Give a brief description of the purpose of your report.
- Define the question your report is trying to answer.
- Explain when using linear regression is most appropriate.
- When using linear regression, what would you expect the scatterplot to look like?
- Explain the difference between predictor (x) and response (y) variables in a linear regression to justify the selection of variables.
- Sampling the data: Select a random sample of 50 houses. Describe how you obtained your sample data (provide Excel formulas as appropriate).
- Identify your predictor and response variables.
- Scatterplot: Create a scatterplot of your predictor and response variables to ensure they are appropriate for developing a linear model.
- Histogram: Create a histogram for each of the two variables.
- Summary statistics: For your two variables, create a table to show the mean, median, and standard deviation.
- Interpret the graphs and statistics:
- Based on your graphs and sample statistics, interpret the center, spread, shape, and any unusual characteristic (outliers, gaps, etc.) for house sales and square footage.
- Compare and contrast the center, shape, spread, and any unusual characteristic for your sample of house sales with the national population (under Supporting Materials, see the National Summary Statistics and Graphs House Listing Price by Region PDF). Determine whether your sample is representative of national housing market sales.
Develop Your Regression Model
- Scatterplot: Provide a scatterplot of the variables with a line of best fit and regression equation.
- Based on your scatterplot, explain if a regression model is appropriate.
- Discuss associations: Based on the scatterplot, discuss the association (direction, strength, form) in the context of your model.
- Identify any possible outliers or influential points and discuss their effect on the correlation.
- Discuss keeping or removing outlier data points and what impact your decision would have on your model.
- Calculate r: Calculate the correlation coefficient (r).
- Explain how the r value you calculated supports what you noticed in your scatterplot.
Determine the Line of Best Fit. Clearly define your variables. Find and interpret the regression equation. Assess the strength of the model.
- Regression equation: Write the regression equation (i.e., line of best fit) and clearly define your variables.
- Interpret regression equation: Interpret the slope and intercept in context. For example, answer the questions: what does the slope represent in this situation? What does the intercept represent? Revisit the Scenario above.
- Strength of the equation: Provide and interpret R-squared.
- Determine the strength of the linear regression equation you developed.
- Use regression equation to make predictions: Use your regression equation to predict how much you should list your home for based on the assumed square footage of your home at 1500 square feet.
- Summarize findings: In one paragraph, summarize your findings in clear and concise plain language for the CEO to understand. Summarize your results.
- Did you see the results you expected, or was anything different from your expectations or experiences?
- What changes could support different results, or help to solve a different problem?
- Provide at least one question that would be interesting for follow-up research.
You can use the following tutorial that is specifically about this assignment. Make sure to check the assignment prompt for specific numbers used for national statistics. The videos may use different national statistics. You should use the national statistics posted with this assignment.
What to Submit
To complete this project, you must submit the following:
Project One Template Word Document (ATTCH1) : Use this template to structure your report, and submit the finished version as a Word document.
The following resources may help support your work on the project:
Document: National Summary Statistics and Graphs Real Estate Data PDF
Use this data for input in your project report.
Spreadsheet: Real Estate Data Spreadsheet (ATTCH3)
Use this data for input in your project report.
Tutorial: Downloading Office 365 Programs PDF
Use this tutorial for support with Office 365 programs.
Use these tutorials for support with the Excel functions you will use in the project: